Can H Pylori Be Transmitted Through Breast Milk

Can H Pylori Be Transmitted Through Breast Milk?

HP bacteria is a gram-negative form of bacteria which is easily spread through eating and drinking activities. This is also the bacteria that cause gastroesophageal reflux disease in women after childbirth. The article shared information on the issue of mothers infected with HP can not breastfeed for peace of mind while caring for children.

HP bacteria are very often found in human gastric mucosa. Under gastric acid conditions, HP bacteria can persist for many years until they cause an effect on the subject. Any person is at risk of infection with HP bacteria, within their family even the risk of infection is very high. In particular, postpartum women are not an exception.

The way to infect HP bacteria in the family

Experts have published statistics on the incidence of HP infection within the family. In particular, if a family member has this infection, the possibility of infecting the remaining members is more than 60%. HP bacteria can be transmitted from person to person easily in many forms with 4 ways of infection. is:

1. Stool – Mouth

This is the route of transmission of HP bacteria indirectly from the faeces of infected people, animals that survive in soil or dirty water. If you do not wash your hands well before eating and after using the toilet, healthy people are easily exposed to the bacteria. The vectors that carry the disease are insects such as flies, cockroaches, mice, etc., which can make food contaminated if we do not pay attention to cover the food.

2. Stomach – Mouth

The disease can be spread through eating, drinking or kissing, toothbrush contaminated with saliva contaminated with HP bacteria. When a person has gastroesophageal reflux disease, the amount of fluid in the stomach can be pushed to the roof of the throat and released bacteria into the salivary glands. All routes of contact through mouth and saliva can then spread HP.

3. Oral – Mouth

In the salivary glands of an infected person with HP and they can stick to the teeth and oral cavity of the patient from a few hours to a few days. During this time, if the sick and family members share personal hygiene items, oral hygiene, shared chopsticks and bowls, share meals, kiss directly or mother chew on rice for their children is very vulnerable. muscle infection.

Can an infected woman infected HP?

As mentioned, the HP bacteria spread through the main routes of saliva and stool of patients, indicating that they exist only in the digestive environment of the human body. Therefore, if a family has a parent who is infected with HP, the possibility of the child being infected is entirely possible.

More dangerously, HP bacteria are especially easily infected if the mother is not aware that she is infected. Through routine activities such as kissing, or feeding, eating together increases the risk of bacterial infection for children.

Children infected with the HP virus usually originate in family members. However, most cases after infection from families, children do not show any different signs. Babies continue to grow healthy for many years until they reach maturity. So if parents, parents, or grandparents are infected with HP, parents should pay attention to avoid infecting children.

Can a mother with HP  bacteria breastfeed?

Most mothers infected with the HP bacteria have common questions about breastfeeding. Most fear that bacteria can spread to their babies through breast milk.

Experts also added, because HP bacteria live in an oxygen-deficient environment in the lining of the stomach lining and produce a gastric lining (urease). So they can not survive long outside the body of the patient, the maximum time they exist outside is 1 hour. For domestic and mother-to-child transmission, there are two clear routes of transmission of HP bacteria, through oral and oral transmission.

The mother still has to maintain the number of breastfeeding times. At the same time, before and after lactation, hands and horses should be cleaned with salt water or a benign antiseptic solution. This will ensure that the risk of further family infection is unintended.

When should mothers be infected with HP when breastfeeding? How to treat?

1. When should breastfeeding be treated when breastfeeding?

A mother who is pregnant or breastfeeding should not treat HP infection during breastfeeding. Because HP bacteria can only be killed with antibiotics, if the bacteria that cause stomach ulcers will need to use multiple antibiotics to inhibit bacteria. Antibiotic groups used to treat HP bacteria will affect breast milk supply. So the best time to treat HP bacteria is after weaning your baby.

Many women intend to wean their babies early to treat bacteria thoroughly. However, experts recommend that HP can be well controlled by diet and scientific training. During which time the mother should continue to breastfeed to prioritize the source of nutrients. important for me. If a baby is deficient in breastmilk for the first 6 months of life, it may lead to a baby’s immune status being less healthy than other babies.

Therefore, it is not necessary to wean children for treatment of HP, as bacteria do not cause immediate damage. If the stomach is ulcerative, it is advisable to treat the ulcer with a stomach coating to minimize temporary complications. For patients with peptic ulcer disease and HP bacteria, they should consult a specialist to support the most appropriate treatment for patients without affecting the child.

2. Treatment for HP bacteria

Antibiotics are mainly used during the treatment of HP bacteria . This type of bacteria has a strong life force, so it can regenerate when not completely destroyed. For nursing mothers infected with HP bacteria, when treated with the conventional antibiotic regimen will greatly affect the child because antibiotics affect milk quality. Therefore, the use of medication is almost not indicated in this case.

3. Treatment with folk medicine

Instead, mothers can actively control the reproduction of bacteria by interfering in their habitats. Specifically, through the following eating habits, will partly help the mother maintain a stable state of the stomach until treatment is feasible. The “etched” foods with HP bacteria are:

Olive oil

To prevent HP bacteria from growing, you should replace daily cooking oil with olive oil. Olive oil can also help naturally treat HP, the olive oil component contains powerful oxidants that help fight HP bacteria. Several other studies have confirmed the effectiveness of using olive oil to treat HP infection as well as treat stomach ulcers.

Green Tea

Green tea contains antioxidants and catechins, green tea can help prevent oxidative damage and cause infections. Drinking green tea regularly is also effective against HP bacteria. Moreover, green tea also helps reduce inflammation and prevent digestive disorders.

Probiotic foods

Probiotics are a substance whose main effect is to increase the beneficial bacteria needed for intestinal. This helps the activity of HP bacteria in the stomach not grow in the digestive system. Foods with high probiotic sources are fermented foods like pickles, cabbage, kefir, tempeh, and kombucha. Such as miso soup, leeks, yogurt, asparagus and onions.

Cranberry juice

Drinking cranberry juice is a simple way to inhibit the growth of HP bacteria, which is recognized by Oriental medicine. In the juice of Vietnam, which contains antioxidants, vitamins effectively inhibit the growth of HP bacteria in the stomach. On average, every day a mother should drink about 250ml of cranberry juice will notice good results.

Honey

A number of studies suggest that the effect of honey can help inhibit the growth of HP and prevent stomach-related complications. The recommended use is that the mother can drink a glass of honey with warm water in the morning to help prevent the growth of HP bacteria.

Licorice

Using licorice to treat HP bacteria is the traditional method recognized in Chinese medicine. Licorice has antibiotic-like active ingredients, which can help eliminate HP and prevent them from attaching to the lining of the stomach. A mother who drinks licorice tea every morning or takes licorice daily will effectively inhibit the growth of bacteria.

4. Medicine to treat HP bacteria

Use of antibiotics to treat stomach HP bacteria is indicated after the weaning of the baby. The treatment process uses a combination of 4 drugs. This is also a treatment regimen for HP bacteria in normal people with 90% effectiveness in all cases. To completely inhibit bacteria, it is necessary to combine antibiotics with a drug that regulates stomach acid levels during treatment.

  • Treatment of gastric HP bacteria is indicated for patients with bacterial gastritis, who suffer from peptic ulcer, duodenal reflux, gastric esophageal acid reflux or gastric cancer.
  • Prophylactic treatment of gastric cancer for those infected with HP if the patient’s family has a history of stomach cancer, patients with polyps in the stomach or atrophic mucosal atrophy.
  • Cases of caution when treating HP bacteria with drugs are patients with iron deficiency anemia, thrombocytopenic purpura, people with indigestion, use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for a long time. .
  • Antibiotics also fulfill the wish to eradicate HP stomach bacteria.

The use of antibiotics to treat HP bacteria in the long run will cause side effects such as black bowel movements, diarrhea, and cause the mother to have a black tongue, a taste disorder (a needle-flavored mouth type) and alcohol withdrawal reaction (antabuse effect) … However, the long-term effects are negligible.

Solutions to prevent the spread of HP virus from mother to baby

Usually children infected with HP will not show signs of infection in the first time. However, there are still cases of bacteria harmful to the child’s digestive system early. Children infected with HP bacteria often show anorexia, nausea, more dangerous than the child may vomit blood or stool in the stool. For older children, they can have digestive disorders, indigestion, peptic ulcer, gastrointestinal bleeding, …

Because the treatment of HP bacteria in children is more difficult than treatment in adults. Therefore, if a family has a HP-infected parent, one should be aware of preventing the infection to the child. In case of children infected with HP should be taken to visit and monitor early. By early prevention, the risk of stomach problems in adulthood is reduced.

A mother after birth and breastfeeding can prevent the spread of HP bacteria to children by the following principles:

  • Develop a boiling boiling diet for all family members.
  • Clean eating utensils thoroughly before use.
  • Do not share eating and drinking utensils with other members.
  • Do not use chopsticks to pick food together, do not use the same spoon or glass to drink water.
  • Dividing diets separately for each person, the patient should have separate eating utensils.
  • Don’t share toothbrushes, glasses, glasses, towels, etc.
  • Wash your hands often and clean before eating and when breastfeeding.
  • Never kiss your baby in the mouth and in the hands (the most susceptible places to bacteria).
  • The mother does not feed the baby by mouth.
  • A mother infected with Hp bacteria should also limit cooking and feeding to children.

Conclusion

Hopefully the above article has answered the question of whether an infected mother can breastfeed as well as ways to prevent mother-to-child transmission. Because HP bacteria have high drug resistance, long incubation period and are difficult to treat, mothers should pay attention to avoid infecting children as well as other family members.